Mobile Discos referred to Disc Jockeys for hire that brought their own equipment to office parties, weddings and the like. Simon Reynolds has described Gary Glitter's Rock and Roll Part 2 as the first hybrid disco-rock song. stood for "Mother Father Sister Brother"; to the tough areas where they came from it was understood to stand for "Mother Fuckin' Son of a Bitch", a reference to their playing skill and musical prowess.
In Philadelphia, R&B musicians and audiences from the Black, Italian, and Latino communities adopted several traits from the hippie and psychedelia subcultures. When Mancuso threw his first house parties, the gay community (members of whom comprised much of The Loft's attendee roster) was often harassed by police in New York gay bars and dance clubs.
They included using music venues with a loud, overwhelming sound, free-form dancing, trippy lighting, colorful costumes, and the use of hallucinogenic drugs. But at The Loft and many other early, private discotheques, men could dance together without fear of police action thanks to Mancuso's underground business model. as the backup band, topped the Billboard pop chart in March 1973, and has been called "disco".
Psychedelic soul groups like the Chambers Brothers and especially Sly and the Family Stone influenced proto-disco acts such as Isaac Hayes, Willie Hutch and the soul style known as the Philadelphia Sound. The first article about disco was written in 1973 by Vince Aletti for Rolling Stone magazine. Early disco was dominated by record producers and labels such as Salsoul Records (Ken, Stanley, and Joseph Cayre), West End Records (Mel Cheren), Casablanca (Neil Bogart), and Prelude (Marvin Schlachter), to name a few.
Discothèque-goers often wore expensive, extravagant and sexy fashions.
By the early 1940s, the terms disc jockey and DJ were in use to describe radio presenters.
In most disco tracks, string sections, horns, electric piano, and electric rhythm guitars create a lush background sound.
Orchestral instruments such as the flute are often used for solo melodies, and lead guitar is less frequently used in disco than in rock.
Many disco songs use synthesizers, particularly those of the late 1970s.
Well-known disco performers include Donna Summer, the Bee Gees, Gloria Gaynor, KC and the Sunshine Band, the Village People, Thelma Houston, and Chic.