Such visits continued over the next 900 years, eventually growing into the great annual pilgrimages of the late 19th century, which continued until World War I, and ended with the Russian Revolution.Since 1949, title to Russian church properties in what was by then the territory of Israel has been held by the Russian Orthodox Mission (Patriarchate of Moscow); title to properties in areas then under Jordanian control remains with the Russian Ecclesiastical Mission representing the Russian Orthodox Church in Exile.Since 1662, direction of Orthodox interests in the Holy Land has rested with the Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulcher, which has sought to safeguard the status of the Orthodox Church in the Holy Places, and to preserve the Hellenistic character of the Patriarchate.
Since the 13th century the (Coptic) Patriarch of Alexandria has been represented in Jerusalem by a resident archbishop.
An Armenian religious community has been present in Jerusalem since the 5th century.
Armenian sources date the first Patriarchate to a charter given by the Caliph Omar to Patriarch Abraham in the year 638.
The community numbers about 120,000 in Jerusalem, the Galilee, Judea, Samaria and Gaza.
Two other historic Orthodox national churches also have representation in the country: the Russian and the Rumanian.